There aren’t many people who are interested in planting a vegetable garden, especially within cities. Given the hectic and fast-paced lifestyle of the average individual, pollution, and limited living space, the idea of having a vegetable garden survive is almost inconceivable. In reality, it’s actually possible to grow a successful garden right in the heart of a big and bustling city. You only have to understand the basics of planting a vegetable garden.
You have to start with a very critical step. This is preparing your soil. This is actually one of the most basic and important things that a new gardener can learn. Whether using a small plot of land on your own residential property or using planter boxes to start your garden, soil preparation will have a major hand in determining whether or not the garden thrives.
You will have to familiarize yourself with three different types of garden soil: silt, sand, and clay. Sandy soil has a very loose consistency and it helps plant roots breath by allowing the air to circulate. Clay soil has better water absorption, meaning that it retains water a lot longer and thus if you live in a place that is very hot and dry, you might want to have soil that has more clay particles. Silt is a finely blended mixture of clay particles and sand.
As you prepare your soil for your vegetable garden, dig it up and break up any lumps that you find. In the process, be sure to get rid of any roots, weeds, and rocks that you come across. Check to see whether your soil is the right mixture of silt, clay, and sand before you start doing any planting. Sand and silt should each account for 40 percent of the mixture while clay should make up no more than 20 percent of the mixture, this will ensure that moisture is not being retained in the water so long that the roots are unable to thrive.
Moreover, excess water in the soil can cause plant roots to start rotting. To verify that you’ve gotten the right mixture of soil, take a small handful and try forming a ball with it. It shouldn’t be too hard to form a ball and the soil should retain this shape easily. If it cannot, your mixture either has too much sand or too much silt. If the soil is able to hold its spherical shape but cannot be easily crumbled when poked, then it probably has a bit too much clay in it and this means that you need to balance the mixture out by adding more sand or silt.
After the soil in your planting area has been properly cultivated, decide which types of vegetables you’re going to grow. Remember that certain vegetables will not flourish if they are planted too close to other types of vegetables. For example, you might not want to plant any potatoes too near your tomatoes or squash, given that this can inhibit their growth. You can certainly plant all of these things in the same vegetable garden, you just have to be careful about planting them too close together.
Once you’ve chosen your vegetables and have planted them in the soil that you’ve cultivated, the next step is to learn how to water your vegetables correctly. You have to be consistent in watering your crop. If you’ve chosen to plant your garden in a larger space, a soaker hose might be the best thing to use. This type of hose has lots of holes all down its body that water seeps through.
There is a lot of hard labor that must be performed to plant and maintain a garden and you’ll also need a fair amount of patience. But, these efforts will definitely produce some worthwhile rewards. This is especially true for health-conscious individuals. When you grow your own vegetables, you’ll have the ability to limit the amount of carcinogenic particulates that are present in your foods.