Litter box issues can show up at any given time when you have an older cat. Diabetes or chronic renal failure could be at the root of the problem. It may be a case if your cat can’t get to its litter box in time. Arthritis can make getting into a high-sided box difficult. Another possible reason is your cat’s bladder control isn’t as good as it once was.
Older cats often have problems with constipation, which can cause them to be in pain. Cats will sometimes associate that pain with the litter box, which is why they purpose avoid going near or in it. She may also need to go to the bathroom right there and then, regardless of where she is at, even if she’s right next to the box or near it.
If you have more than one cat, then your older cat may lose the area she claimed to one of the younger cats. In other words, her territory would now be the younger cat’s territory.
As your cat starts to age and shows signs of it, you’ll want to make a few modifications after you evaluate the litter box situation. For example, if your cat has arthritis, then remove the lid to the cover box. If it’s a high-sided box, then get rid of it and get a low-sided litter box instead.
Your cat may send litter flying everywhere, so feel free to use a litter scatter mat. Your cat’s aim is probably not as good as it once was or she may overshoot the box every single time she uses it. If she has arthritis, then she may stand up to urinate instead of the normal position. If you want to absorb over-spray, then use Catpaper or another product similar to it. This will protect your carpets and floors from over-spray.
If the litter box is located on the second floor of the home, then move it to the first floor so your cat doesn’t have to go up stairs. Another thing you can do is place multiple boxes in different areas of the home. The more boxes you have, the better off you’ll be. As your cat gets older, it will likely have a harder time remembering where one box is, especially if it’s in a remote location.
Always check the health of your older cat. For instance, check for signs of diarrhea or constipation when you clean the box. Additional, look at the urine clumps to see how big they are. If the clumps appear to increase in size, then diabetes may be the reason for it or it would be renal failure. If the size of the clumps are shrinking, it may suggest that your cat has a urinary tract disorder or she is not drinking enough water. Regardless of what the situation is, you’ll want to contact your veterinarian and notify them of your findings.
If your cat urinates in its sleep, then place towels in their sleeping area. The same goes if your cat is incontinent. If she has no control over her bladder, then check to see if there are urine scalds present on her skin. If there are, then tell your veterinarian right away so they can perform a thorough examination.
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