Particularly in the current times for farmers, raising horses is dealing with the most expensive animals there are. There are a number of reasons this is so because of the various purposes they serve from being available to transport, various recreational and farm activities and of course, gambling interests.
The truth is that over the years, horses have been treated with great importance by mankind. They have always been held in high regard; thus they have received greater attention in their raising as opposed to sheep, cattle, and various other livestock animals.
As opposed to other animals, horses do have different needs. They must be fed with the proper mix of foods, their shelters must be constructed properly and they need sufficient space to be able to roam a bit. In truth, that space should be sufficient to allow them to be able to run some.
The truth is that it can become somewhat complicated, the breeding of horses. This is why it is vital that one be equipped with the proper knowledge needed to assist them in their reproduction process and overall health before embarking on this task.
Still another option for you is to employ the services of a professional horse breeder. The truth is that you must be aware that there are a lot of investments needed in the breeding of horses, comparable to that needed in raising adult horses. It is vital you know this and devotes proper thought to it at the start of your efforts!
It is very important that you select the best candidates, prior to starting to breed, that will be the mare, or your foals future mom. When selecting the mare, there are a lot of things to be considered.
Number one is the physical health of the lady-horse being considered. Their height and weight must be appropriate to make certain they are the proper choice for the job. Next, the mare’s reproductive health has to be ensured.
Locating The Stallion
It simply follows that there should be a perfect stallion chosen after the ideal mare candidate is found. Stallions, of course, are the males that are going to mate with the mare and get to producing the perfect offspring. And just as with the mare selection, you want a stallion in great health to help ensure the foals that are produced are going to be in the very best condition!
And so that the genes are best for reproduction, it is important the stallion be at the recommended age. Very often colts are put to use mating with mares by the horse owners, but very often these choices lead to foals of an unimpressive quality.
When seeking the very best candidates for horse breeding, age is a crucial factor to be considered. In fillies, mares or female horses that are young, when they reach the age of 18 months the cycle of reproduction can begin. And when they reach at least two years, they can give birth to foals.
As for young male horses or colts, whenever they develop the instinct to do so, they can mate with female horses. They should be assisted by professional breeders when the colts are considered to be young stallions, to help guide them on gaining position properly so they can shoot their sperm precisely where it is meant to be.
The Mare’s Pregnancy
For about 11 months or roughly 340 days, mares carry the foals in their womb. But pregnancy can vary with the colts and fillies. That the mare will deliver the filly on time is a well-known and understood fact. On the other hand, the pregnancy is typically extended a few days should the foal be a colt.
It is of interest that for about two to four weeks from their due date, mares can carry foals in their wombs. If the pregnancy extends any longer, it is vital that additional help be sought from a veterinary or another expert. And should the foal be premature, under intensive care they can still survive after a gestation period of 310 days. This is similar to human premature babies incubator period.
The Pregnant Mare And Taking Care Of Them
During the last three months of the mares pregnancy period, the fetal growth of foal is most active. And for better fetal development during this time, the mare should take in sufficient food rich in protein.
During the first six months of pregnancy, pregnant mares can still be ridden according to the experts. After that, they should simply be left to casually move around and deal with their pregnancy as best they can. It is important to follow these guidelines in order to produce healthy generations of livestock and be careful to avoid giving any foods to them that are.