As with just about any other activity, proper planning, dedication, constant care as well as making the right decisions as you go along are the key to success when growing an organic vegetable garden. You need to choose the right location and plant/seed types; prepare the soil carefully; and ensure your garden is exposed to the right amount of sunlight in order to reap a rich harvest.
The location is of utmost importance. Apart from the quality of the soil or the amount of sunlight the place receives, it is also important to check beforehand whether the soil at the place you have chosen for your organic garden is well-drained and also, if there is any good and clean water source nearby. During this preparatory period, it is just as well that you put up a perimeter fence around your garden. Animals, or even some playful kids, if they stray onto your gardening area, can wreak havoc to the place. And no doubt, it will be heartbreaking to see your labor of months perhaps getting wasted in such a fashion!
When you have zeroed in on the location, the next thing is to have a comprehensive idea regarding how to plant your crops as well as the overall design of your garden. This involves how many rows to allow on a given amount of plant; how to vary your series of crops by planting them on alternating plots; and so on. It is advisable that you talk to some local farmers who have experience of this kind or, in absence of such an opportunity, seek out some expert knowledge on the subject.
Composting is another very important aspect regarding organic gardening. Take the time and effort to gather as much knowledge as possible about the subject before you start. Since, ideally, you must prepare your own compost pile that will suit the requirements of your plot and its soil quality as well as the kind of vegetables you will be growing therin. Generally, a compost pile should occupy no more than an area of about ten square feet and should be about three to five feet high.
Commonly, there are two ways to add the compost into the soil. Either you can mix it into the soil, in which case it will act as providing rich sustenance to the vegetables in addition to bring down potential weed hazards; or you may use the compost as mulch and spread it evenly over the whole surface area of your plot.
When it comes to farming, pest management and disease control are constant issues, and more so in case of an organic garden since if you are growing organic, there is no way you can use any manner of chemical insecticide—no matter how grave is the problem.
An effective solution is to take the right precautions right from the word go so you may never have to face too serious an issue afterward. You must ensure that you are getting your seeds from disease-free plants or if you are using vegetables, they are from resistant variety strains.
If however you still face a pest issue, farmers normally resort to 100 percent natural and environment-friendly pest control solutions or sprays; or (which is more advisable) introduce natural predators to kill off the pests in their garden. Also, if your garden is not too big, you may simply use your hands and pick the insects off your plants manually.
Once you start it, you will find that growing an organic vegetable garden is a very fulfilling experience and brings a lot of satisfaction in its wake. The sunshine, the opportunity to work in the fresh air and everything else concerned make the whole experience more than worthwhile—and this not counting all the fresh and healthy vegetables you will receive at the end of your labor!
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