For farmers who have embraced holistic planting techniques, organic gardening compost is the “in thing” and synthetic fertilizers are out. With organic gardening, farmers have the opportunity to truly be one with nature, as these techniques take them back to the most basic ways of growing trees and plants.
Working with nature regarding the planting of crops means that commercial pesticides and artificial fertilizers are not used. Instead, farmers grow their produce by relying on the natural environment.
Organic Gardening Compost
Compost is a term that refers to combining organic materials such as animal manure and decaying plants and using this mixture as fertilizer. Even though nature can modify the compost without any help, the process can be enhanced by farmers who use the equation of air, plus water, carbon and finally, nitrogen.
Composting Made Simple
There is no need to become overwhelmed by the aforementioned equation. This is because it is not a truly complicated thing. There is a simple, step-by-step way through which it can be accomplished.
Some individuals burn leaves every year, but for gardeners, leaves are a great way to start the composting process. Bagging the leaves is the very first step, followed by adding clipped grass from surfaces that have been mowed.
To add the oxygen and the appropriate amount of water to systematically dampen the leaves, all one must do is place several holes at both the bottom and top of the bag. These holes also serve as an exit for excess water and carbon dioxide. After this, two shovelfuls of garden soil should be added on top of the leaves, and then the bag should be shaken to ensure the proper mixture of its contents. Rolling the bag is also a good way to mix up the contents. Shredding the leaves in advance before they are placed in the bag is also a way to cut down on preparation time.
Mixing should be completed on a timely schedule, preferably every other week. If the leaves seem dry, water should be added to moisten them, and in approximately 2-3 months, the compost will be ready. A good way to tell whether or not the process is complete is to look for a flaky, dark texture, which means the compost is ready.
To use this innovative fertilizer for plants, place a layer of the substance–approximately an inch thick–on the top layer of soil. This first layer will quickly be absorbed by the crops. This not only acts as a fertilizer, but as the pesticide, and will usually also prevent the growth of weeds. Additionally, it conserves water for the garden, and therefore plants will not need as much watering as time goes on.
The difference between hot and cold compost is that the latter is easier to do than the former, which requires extra effort.
Cold composting can be completed by merely gathering waste materials from around the property and placing them in a pile. These materials may include weeds, grass clippings, and of course, leaves. It is always wise to allow a period of six months to two years for microorganisms, such as earthworms, to break the compost down. During this waiting period, additional materials can be added to the pile. This is because the substances at the bottom of the pile decompose first.
In addition to the long wait, this composting technique is not as effective as hot composting for other reasons. For instance, pathogens may not be killed during this process. Therefore, it is always wise to screen for undecomposed materials before using this type of compost.
Whichever method a farmer uses, he or she is a winner. This is because organic gardening compost not only saves money but helps clean and conserve our environment.